What Is TPM And Why Does Windows 11 Require It?

TPM chips are required for Windows 11 on Microsoft’s new operating system. What is the purpose of the TPM chip in Windows 11, and why does it have to be installed? The following guides will answer these questions.

What is TPM?

Trusted Platform Module is the name of the TPM. In addition to device authentication, encryption, identification, and integrity verification, it can also be found as a motherboard chip or as part of the processor. A device may benefit from better protection from advanced threats when using this feature. TPM devices are, therefore, any devices with TPM chips.

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What Is The Primary Function Of A TPM Chip?

Using the TPM chip, users can securely perform cryptography operations. It provides authentication of devices and design to be tamper-resistant. A unique key can use to authenticate the widgets further. The TPM can verify that the system is not tampered with by checking its integrity during the boot process.The Director of Enterprise Security for Microsoft, David Weston, summarized the TPM chip’s primary function as follows:

The purpose of this is to help secure encryption keys, user credentials, and other sensitive information behind a hardware barrier to prevent malware and attackers from accessing or tampering with that data.

Why Does Windows 11 Require A TPM 2.0 Chip?

To install TPM 2.0 on your desktop, you need to buy a motherboard-compatible module. The manufacturer of your motherboard should have released a TPM that is compatible with your model. TPM 2.0 is now a mandatory system requirement for Windows 11 to raise the operating system’s security baseline. The TPM can provide more effective protection against advanced attacks, according to Microsoft.

Modern PCs must protect from both standard and sophisticated attacks from nation-states or ransomware as a root of trust. As a result of requiring the TPM 2.0, hardware security standards elevate confidence is built-in. Windows 11 also makes use of TPM for certain security functions. Microsoft uses TPM to improve security for features like BitLocker and Windows Hello, which encrypts disk data and authenticates users.

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Does My Computer Have TPM ?

A TPM can check in several ways on your current machine. You can easily do this by going to the Start menu, searching for Windows Security, and clicking on Device Security. The TPM status for your device will show in a new window. You should see an icon that says Security processor and has a little green checkmark. There is no TPM icon if you are not using a TPM. A window for managing Trusted Platform Modules on the local computer should appear. 

Windows 11 does not require TPM 1.2, even if TPM 1.2 enable in the BIOS. Lastly, use the Windows PC Health Check application to verify. Following installation, the program will let you know if Windows 11 is ready for your computer.

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